Principles of Policy
The development of curriculum apart, it is necessary for all educational institutions concerned with the dissemination of knowledge and information, to determine with precision, the scope and dimensions of their activities. The curriculum prescribes the subjects to be taught to the students and the programme of activities. These principles clearly lay down and define the direction which can be taken by an educational institution as a matter of policy. These are a set of rules to prescribe the limits and extent of the role and attitude of the teachers. For illustration of the point, it
may be observed that, apart from ensuring conversance of students with the subject, they have to emphasise, as a matter of principles, the need for character building and that too in accordance with the Islamic norms, cultural values and the demands of the society.
This is more so in the case of Federal Judicial Academy which imparts in-service training to the judges, magistrates, law officers and the court personnel, for the achievements of ultimate goal of improving the judicial system and quality of justice. The distinction lies, amongst others, in the fact that there is need for distinctive approach to the continuing education of judges. This approach should build on the foundation of adult and professional learning theory. More importantly, we as members of the faculty must know what are the specific learning needs and practices of the judges and how the perseverance of judicial independence can be ensured. Further, another distinctive feature is the effect and impact of training provided to the judges, on the socio-economic development of the country, and its role in shaping the parameters of a civilized society.
The following principles of policy have been set out to define and prescribe the limits, to be observed by the faculty in particular and the staff in general, and the extent of their authority, in the performance of their functions, for the promotion and fulfillment of its charter:
The Academy shall:
bring home the message that judicial power is a scared trust and that the judges are accountable to their conscious and ultimately to God Almighty;
ensure and promote the observance of legal and judicial norms and Islamic values in the continuing education of judges and other professionals related to the justice sector;
ensure the observance of high ethical standards and preserve impartiality, independence and professionalism;
help the judges, law officers, court personnel and other key stakeholders of the administration of justice to adhere to the highest standards of personal and official
establish an internal organizational structure, administration and program development system which supports effective legal and judicial education;
establish and promote a comprehensive judicial education process to help judges meet the expectations of the society;
endeavour to preserve the judicial system's fairness, integrity and impartiality by eliminating bias and prejudice;
improve the administration of justice and the quality of judicial decisions to strengthen the moral authority of the courts;
promote the concept of transparency and accountability and enhance public confidence in the administration of justice;
endeavour to make trainee judges believe that they are not employees in the sense of "employment" and administration that they exercise the authority of the State as given to them by law and prescribed procedure;
endeavour to cause conviction in the trainee judges that they have to perform unique functions and discharge special responsibilities;
address itself to public perception of judicial weakness which can be removed through continuing judicial education;
sensitize the trainee judges to decide cases in accordance with the law which they believe applies to the case before them, free from extraneous considerations of sanction or reward;
strive to groom impartial and independent judges-attributes, which are "sine qua non" for the proper discharge of the judicial functions;
strengthen ethical values and professionalism among officers to promote efficient, effective, transparent and accountable administration;
the principles set out above are like the "Principles of Policy" to be adhered by the faculty, staff and resource persons.